All About Infertility

All About Infertility

What is infertility?

Infertility is inability to conceive or carry a pregnancy for the twelve months to the conceiving date. It is important to see a reproductive endocrinologist, a specialist or urologist for complete diagnosis or fertility work up check. The causes for infertility can involve either the partners or one of them. In approximately one third of the cases reported about infertility it involves only the men. In about one third of the cases reported it only involves the females. In the remaining percentage the causes can be clearly identified or involves both the male and female.


According to most general survey, 60% causes of infertility is from both men and women in same proportion of 30:30, while 25% causes are identified as unexplained, 10% is from both sex that, and 5% termed as other.

Infertility_causes1. The following are causes of infertility in men

Abnormal production of sperms: Abnormal sperm production in men can be due to genetic defects, undescended testicles other health problems such as diabetes, sometimes prior infections that someone might have had like trauma, mumps, surgeries on inguinal or testicles regions. In addition, enlarged blood veins can raise the blood flow and its heat thus affecting the number and sperms shape.

Sperm delivery problem: This might come up due to sexual problems like semen entering the bladder abnormally to the usual emergence through the penis during ejaculation and also premature ejaculation. Certain inherited diseases such as structural problems, cystic fibrosis leading to the blockage of epididymis or damage of the reproductive organs.

Overexposure to toxins and chemicals: Chemicals and toxins such as marijuana, alcohol, smoke, radiation, pesticides, steroids and tobacco. In addition, exposure to too much heat like sauna, hot tubs can raise the testicles temperature leading to the impairing of the sperms production.

Damage related to cancer: Radiations during cancer treatment or chemotherapy can lead to infertility. Sometimes treatment for cancer can cause severe infertility. Removal of one of the testicles can also lead to infertility to men.

2. Common Causes of infertility in Women.

In females infertility disorder is quite rampant in comparison to cases recorded in men. Approximately 70 percent of infertility cases in women can be successfully treated by use of drugs. There are various ovulation reasons that can lead to infertility in women. They are divided into: scarred ovaries, follicle problems, malfunctioning of the pituitary gland, failure to produce mature eggs, malfunctioning of the hypothalamus, hormonal problems and premature menopause.

In females, sometimes the malfunctioning of the fallopian tube may cause infertility in women ranging from serious blockage to mild adhesions. The fallopian disease can be cured through laser or advanced surgery. Causes of fallopian tube disorder includes: abdominal infections, congenital defects, infections, previous surgeries and ectopic pregnancy.

Ovulation disorder: This disorder hinders or prevents the female ovaries from releasing the eggs during sexual intercourse for fertilization. Underlying causes of this disorder include tumors, injuries, eating disorders and excessive exercises.

Cervical abnormalities: These are abnormalities that relate to opening of the female cervix or the cervix mucus release, abnormalities that are related to its shape or the uterus cavity. Benign tumor might on the other hand rarely blocks the fallopian tubes of the female reproductive system.

Fallopian tube damage

When the female fallopian tubes are damaged or removed they might cause infertility in women. This will consequently lead to pelvic inflammatory diseases like endometriosis or adhesions.

Primary ovarian insufficiency: It is also referred to as ovaries menstruations ends or stops working due to the age factor, usually occurs at the age of 45 years. The cause is usually unknown but it is associated with immune system disorder or system diseases.

Finally, infertility is found out by a specialist you stand a good chance to be administered to certain way of solving the problem. This will depend on the reasons or the cause that is fostering this to you. If the cause is genetic sometimes there might be little chances of treating the condition. The treatment for infertility in women is dependent on its cause. In most cases it may involve simple medication with continuous support through counseling or perhaps sophisticated treatment such as vitro fertilization.